The practice of family planning is influenced by women’s education and poverty status.
Ma. Liza Bigornia, statistician III of the NSO regional office 10, presented these results of the fertility and family planning aspect of the survey during the Family Health Survey (FHS) regional data dissemination held here last week
She said that as revealed by the survey, those with no education are less likely to practice family planning.
This came from the results of the 2011 FHS conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in August 2011, where around 53,000 women aged 15 to 49 years were interviewed to produce estimates of the major indicators of family planning, maternal and child health, and other health-related concerns at the national level and for each of the 17 regions in the country.
“The survey also shows that married women with some elementary education are still less likely to practice family planning than women with higher education,” she said.
According to the survey, four out of 10 women with elementary education and five out of 10 women with higher education practiced family planning.
The FHS further reveals that the use of family planning method is lower among women in poor households (43.1 percent) than those in non-poor households (51.3 percent). “The difference is mainly due to the lower prevalence rate for modern methods among poor women than non-poor women,” added Bigornia.
On the other hand, the use of modern methods among those who practiced family planning had increased compared with those that use traditional methods. The use of modern methods went up from 35.9 percent in the 2006 family planning survey to 36.9 percent in the 2011 FHS, while the use of traditional method decreased from 14.8 percent to only 12 percent.
The pill remains the most preferred method of contraception according to the FHS. Its trend has increased from 13.7 percent in 2000 to 17.1 percent in 2005, sliding back down to 15.7 percent in 2008 but increased again to 19.8 percent in 2011.
The use of the pill also has the biggest portion of the pie on the contraceptives used in Region 10 with 22.3 percent, followed by female sterilization and intrauterine device both sharing 7.4 percent each.
Other methods of contraceptives used in the region are rhythm and periodic abstinence, followed by withdrawal at 4.1 percent, injectables at 2.4 percent and male condoms at 1.9 percent.
However, 46.1 percent of the currently married women aged 15 to 49 years old in Region 10 are not using any family planning method. “Apart from wanting more children, poor access to family planning methods, health concerns and fear of side effects were cited as some of the key reasons for not using any family planning methods,” Bigornia added.