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Glossary of Medical Terms
A method of teaching in which the students' needs have priority. Learners are responsible for identifying knowledge gaps, actively participating in filling them, and keeping track of their learning gains. Teachers are expected to facilitate this process instead of supplying "spoon-fed" information. This approach increases the students' motivation to learn and prepares them for self-learning and continuous education. Learner-centered education is the opposite of teacher-centered education .
An instruction or verbal discourse by a speaker before a large group of students. This teaching method has historically been quite prominent in education because it is an economic way to communicate information to large groups. However, increasing knowledge about the group's difficulties in maintaining concentration and absorbing extensive information while in a passive listening mode has brought the value of lectures under criticism. Audiovisual presentations, demonstration of patients and intermittent discussions can help activate learners.
Liaison Committee on Medical Education - LCME
A group organized under the sponsorship of the American Medical Association (AMA) and American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC) to accredit educational programs leading to the MD degree in the US and Canada.
The process by which different governmental or non-governmental agencies, such as specialty boards or other bodies, grant permission to practice a profession to persons meeting predetermined qualifications to engage in a given occupation or use a particular title. In the case of physicians, licensure ensures that they have appropriate education and training and that they abide by recognized standards of professional conduct while serving their patients. This is typically done at a national or local level. In the United States licensure is a process by which physicians receive permission to practice medicine. Candidates for licensure first must complete the rigorous United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE), designed to assess a physician's ability to apply knowledge, concepts, and principles that are important in health and disease and that constitute the basis of safe and effective patient care. All applicants must submit proof of medical education and training and provide details about their work history. Results of the USMLE are reported to state medical boards for use in granting the initial license to practice medicine. Each medical licensing authority requires, as part of its licensing processes, successful completion of an examination or other certification demonstrating qualification for licensure.
Continuous training over the course of a professional career. Because medical science changes so rapidly, it is vital that its practitioners are committed to and engage in life-long learning.
A general manner of living based on the interplay between living conditions in the broad sense and individual patterns of behavior as determined by socio-cultural factors and personal characteristics. The range of behavior patterns open to individuals may be limited or extended by social environmental factors. For this reason, lifestyles are usually considered in the context of both collective and individual experiences and general conditions of life. A change of lifestyle may include such activities as stopping cigarette smoking, changing the pattern of nutrition or engaging in regular physical exercise.